The CDC estimates that 79 million adults aged 20 and older have pre-diabetes. And, the vast majority do not know that they have it.
People with pre-diabetes have blood glucose (blood sugar) levels that are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes and are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
According to the CDC, if you have pre-diabetes, you are 5 – 15 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than people with normal blood glucose (blood sugar) levels. When you take steps to prevent type 2 diabetes, you also lower your risk for possible complications of diabetes such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, nerve damage, and other health problems.
Many factors increase your risk for pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Those at higher risk include:
- People +45 years of age
- People who are overweight
- People with a Family History of Diabetes
- People who do not exercise regularly (less than 3 times per week)
- People of Certain Family Backgrounds (i.e. African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American or Pacific Islander)
- Women with a History of Gestational Diabetes (Diabetes when pregnant), or who gave birth to a baby +9 pounds
- People with Low HDL cholesterol or high triglycerides or blood pressure